First Peoples

Montana, People

Tonight, during a trivia competition, I was reminded of the tremendous heritage and culture that makes Montana such a unique state.

  • In 2016, 67,222 Montana resident were recognized as being Native American in a state with a total population of 1,062,330.
  • Seven Federally recognized Tribes exist in Montana today
    • The Blackfeet Nation
    • The Chippewa Cree Tribe
    • The Confederated Salish & Kootenai Tribes
    • The Crow Nation
    • Fort Belknap Indian Community (Assiniboine and Gros Ventre)
    • Fort Peck Indian Community (Assiniboine and Sioux)
    • The Northern Cheyennereservation
  •  In addition to the seven Federally recognized tribes, The Little Shell Chippewa Tribe has only State of Montana recognition,  and is a landless nation with most of the tribe residing in the Great Falls area.
  • Native American languages are being preserved and taught.  crow

    IMG_4966

    Crow Fair, Crow Agency, Montana

  • Article Six of the United States Constitution states that the Constitution, the laws of the national congress and treaties are the supreme law of the land.  For much of the nineteenth century American Goverment Policy was to sign treaties, ratified by the US Senate, with Native American Nations.  Thus in many cases Tribal Law exisits on a reservation by reservation basis depending on what the treaty signed with the nation states.  For instance the Flathead Reservation of The Confederated Salish & Kootenai Tribes is governed by the 1855 Hellgate Treaty.

    IMG_4977

    Crow Fair, Crow Agency, Montana

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